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Get the Details of Employment Discrimination Laws of U.S

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Posted by Dylan Thurston on February 28, 2011 at 4:44 am

Employment discrimination is a serious concern for employees as well as employers. It is essential for employers to take careful measures for assuring the proper decisions which are legal and ethical. The employment discrimination laws protect employees from any discrimination related to age, sex, nationality, religion, race and disability. Some of these laws, which are in practice in the United States are given here.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963
This law helps in protecting any discrimination against employees on the provision of wages or salaries based on gender. Women who work similarly like men having same job responsibilities and work environment should be provided with the same wages as that of men. This is ensured by the Equal Pay Act of 1963. However, the pay varies based on the level of seniority, merit, or experience.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII
Discrimination against employees and job applicants based on color, race, religion, sex, nationality, childbirth or pregnancy is prohibited as per the title VII the civil rights act of 1964. Employers of federal and state governments, and also the labor organizations and private employers having minimum 15 employees fall within the purview of this act.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Employees above the age of 40 who face discrimination in workplaces are protected by the age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. The federal, state and local governments are applicable to this act. In addition, labor organizations, employment agencies, and other employers having at least 20 employees are also applicable. Any employe who feel that he or she is discriminated based on the age, can file a suit against the employer according to this Act.

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
It is seen that some employers refuse to hire or promote individuals at workplaces because of their foreign nationality. This Act helps in preventing such issues and ensures that foreign individuals working in the businesses of the United States are not discriminated. Even employers having a minimum of four or more employees are applicable to the Act.

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
This Act prohibits an employer from refusing hiring and promoting individuals because of some physical or mental disability. The Act is not applicable to the federal and state governments. However, it is applicable for local governments, private employers having less than 15 employees, labor unions, and private employers.

These are the employment discrimination laws practiced in the United States for preventing any kind of discrimination.

Employment discrimination is a serious concern for employees as well as employers. It is essential for employers to take careful measures for assuring the proper decisions which are legal and ethical. The employment discrimination laws protect employees from any discrimination related to age, sex, nationality, religion, race and disability. Some of these laws, which are in practice in the United States are given here.

The Equal Pay Act of 1963
This law helps in protecting any discrimination against employees on the provision of wages or salaries based on gender. Women who work similarly like men having same job responsibilities and work environment should be provided with the same wages as that of men. This is ensured by the Equal Pay Act of 1963. However, the pay varies based on the level of seniority, merit, or experience.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII
Discrimination against employees and job applicants based on color, race, religion, sex, nationality, childbirth or pregnancy is prohibited as per the title VII the civil rights act of 1964. Employers of federal and state governments, and also the labor organizations and private employers having minimum 15 employees fall within the purview of this act.

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
Employees above the age of 40 who face discrimination in workplaces are protected by the age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. The federal, state and local governments are applicable to this act. In addition, labor organizations, employment agencies, and other employers having at least 20 employees are also applicable. Any employe who feel that he or she is discriminated based on the age, can file a suit against the employer according to this Act.

Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
It is seen that some employers refuse to hire or promote individuals at workplaces because of their foreign nationality. This Act helps in preventing such issues and ensures that foreign individuals working in the businesses of the United States are not discriminated. Even employers having a minimum of four or more employees are applicable to the Act.

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
This Act prohibits an employer from refusing hiring and promoting individuals because of some physical or mental disability. The Act is not applicable to the federal and state governments. However, it is applicable for local governments, private employers having less than 15 employees, labor unions, and private employers.

These are the employment discrimination laws practiced in the United States for preventing any kind of discrimination.

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