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Labor Laws for Women that Every Employer Should Know

Are you an employer having women employees in your organization? Then you must be aware of the labor laws that help in protecting women rights and equality in the workplace. The laws are created as a standard of fairness and equality. Some of the labor laws for women are listed below:

Women suffrage
Women suffrage is the right of the women to vote equally as men. Here, the women has power to vote the candidate who would protect the fair pay, labor rights and equality of women in the workplace.

Fair labor standards act (FLSA)
There are many issues covered under the FLSA, it also tried establishing equal wages and overtime pay for women. But amending this act, equal pay act came in to existence which aims at abolishing the wage inequality based on the sex. This laws or acts help women in getting fair wages as men.

Family and medical leave act (FMLA)
This act is for both men and women and is applicable for the companies who are having minimum of 50 plus employees. This act states that employer must grant an unpaid leave of maximum 12 weeks and also job protected leave to expecting employees for the adoption or birth of employees. This act not only gives job protection to women who decide to have a baby but also for the men who want to take leave or remain in home for taking care of his spouse, child or parents with serious illness.

Whistleblower protection
It generally includes many issues. But, when it comes to women, this protection is extend to the women who are victims of sex discrimination or reprisal by encouraging those with illegal knowledge and come forward by promising protection from unlawful judgment, percentage of money recovered, no risk of counterattack from a group accused or organization, protection from sexual discrimination.

Comprehensive omnibus budget reconciliation act (COBRA)
This act is beneficial for women, especially single mothers, who decide job transition or else suffer an involuntary loss of job, during the transition to new job, divorce, family death, hourly cut back which reduces from full to part time and other kinds of tragic life events.

Pregnancy discrimination act
This is an amendment to civil rights act of 1964 which exists to prohibit the sex discrimination based on the pregnancy, child birth, etc. This act states that women affected with pregnancy must be treated as other employees of the organization.

These are few labor laws related to women. So, every employer must know them and should implement the same in their organization for protecting women rights.

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What is Content Marketing and Why is it Important?

Simply put, content marketing is all about how a business communicates effectively with existing and potential customers about their company, products or services in a meaningful and productive way. The prime tool in the stratedy is content. Content marketing is creating content that is valuable and relevant to targeted customers.

Content marketing builds trust in a company, creates a connection and increases brand awareness. Having trust and being connected to a brand makes a customer more loyal to the business. In this article we will discuss why content marketing is important.

It is an art of communicating with your customers
Content marketing is a great way to interact with your existing and new customers who find your brand interesting and buyable, with a goal of driving profitable customer action. To get your customers interested and engaged, content marketing is a way to attract your prospective customers, and establishes your business as a trusted source of information.

You are delivering information that makes your customer more intelligent
By providing valuable information to your potential customers, you are not only letting them know about your company, products/services, but you are also educating them on what type of products you offer, what are its features and how it is helpful. This information makes the buyer more knowledgeable and intelligent, which in return promotes brand loyalty.

Develops relationship and builds trust
People like to do business or buy products from brands whom they know and trust. When you engage in content marketing, your potential customers come to know about your business and trust you through your content.

Content marketing establishes you as an expert in your field. This leads to building trust and awareness. It is also a great way to develop a stronger and long lasting relationship with your customers.

Your customers want to share it with their social networks
Once you build trust and relationships among your potential customers, they will tell their social media circle about your company and its products/services. They will share your valuable content with their network of family and friends. As your content is shared, people visit your site to know more about your company and its products. The more of your content is shared, the more customers will interact with your brand, and they are more likely to buy from your brand.

The bottom line is, content marketing helps prospects and customers make an informed buying decision. It will have a big influence in keeping your existing customers engaged and in reaching out to new customers.

Filed under Business, Top News

Labor Law Posters for Job Aspirants

Employers are recommended to display various federal and state labor law posters in their work place. Some posters are only required within the view of employees while others should be made available fro job applicants too. All these posters have to be posted in places where the job applicants or employees can easily read them.

There are three mandatory federal labor law posters that employers are demanded to display for job applicants.

Employee Polygraph Protection Act (EPPA): This act bars employers from using lie detector tests for pre-employment screening or during the course of employment. No employer can request or suggest any applicant or employee to submit for a lie detector test nor they make inquire for the results of any lie detector tests an applicant has taken. Also the employers are barred from differentiating or terminating against an employee due the results of the test, refusal for the test , or filling a complaint or exercising certain rights under the act.

  • The EEPA does not cover state , federal and local government agencies. This act permits lie detector or polygraph tests to be implemented to some applicants for security sensitive jobs such as security guards, potential employees of armored car etc.
  • This poster must be displayed in the companies premises where the poster can be easily looked over and read by job applicants and employees.

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): This act applies to all private and public agencies with more than 50 employees working within a radius of 75 miles. Employees who worked for at least one year and have 1250 hours of service over past 12 months are eligible for leave under this act.

  • This act helps to take up to 12 weeks of job protected unpaid leave for specified medical and family reasons.

Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO): It is a law poster posted in a noticeable place where it can be easily seen by job applicants. The law hinders employers from refusing equal opportunities in fringe benefits, promotion, hiring, member ship, training, pay and other aspects of employment. This law protects job applicants and employees from differentiation in employment opportunities.

Printed notices must be also made available in an accessible format needed to person with disabilities who cannot read and see. Notices can also be recorded on an audio file in an electronic format that can be used by scree reading technology or employees with disabilities or read to applicants that limit reading and seeing ability.
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Free Web Hosting: Basic Features

check website statusHosting companies allow website creators to host the content of their website on company’s servers and allow it for access to people through the world wide web. Free web hosting forms one type in web hosting.

In free web hosting the web host provides space to servers without charging them and users can easily upload their web site content to this space. This makes a good option in case of new marketers as they make a user friendly approach and with the process involved in uploading web site to their servers is simple.

Features of free web hosting
Few most common features a good free web hosting provider should offer are as follows:

Band width and disk space

  • Band width refers to the extent of traffic allowed to access and leave a particular web site.
  • In case if your website contains photographs or other graphics then greater band width and higher storage are required.
  • While disk space indicates the amount of space for storage assigned to the creator by the free web hosting provider where it is used to store web site files which may include images, text, audio etc.

File transfer protocol(FTP) and website creator

  • Beginners in website creation choose a free web hosting provider offering an application with free website creation.
  • In this application one can create their website by selecting a particular template and adding in images and texts.
  • Ftp is the protocol which deals in transferring files of website from computer to web hosting server and also allows you to download your files back from the server to your computer.
  • A good web hosting provider need to offer an unrestricted FTP access 24/7.

Up time and supportweb hosting Toronto

  • Always choose a web hosting service with free, reliable email and telephone support.
  • The web host provider should ensure the measures to limit email and website down time to minimal.
  • The measures usually include redundant hardware and network configurations, on site back up power supply, network monitoring and 24/7 server.


  • Free web hosting providers have to provide with email services for setting up accounts.
  • Along with the web mail interface the email service also have to be included with SMTP and POP3 access where the account scan be accessed on your mobile devices.

The above article represents the basic features a free web hosting server should be included in.
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Consumer Safety and Fraud Prevention Labor Laws for Employees Awareness

There are some labor laws on consumer safety and fraud prevention. Every employee should be aware of these laws. Placed below are the consumer safety and fraud prevention laws.

Consumer safety laws:
Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA)
This law requires the employees to complain within the time period of 180 days, from the time of violation of the Act. Here, the employees who report about the federal government or state attorney general reasonably detected violations of any regulation or statute within the legal power of CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) will be protected.

FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)
This Act protects the employees various sectors like food distribution, manufacturers, transporters and packers to report about the violation of Drug, food and cosmetic regulation or Act published under this law. Here, the employees are also secured from retaliation for rejecting to participate in an Activity that breaks the law. You have 180 days’ time here for filing the complaint.

Fraud prevention laws:
Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA), Section 1057 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act
You can compliant about the violation of the law within 180 days; and this law protects you as an employee for reporting the perceived violations of any condition of Dodd-Frank Act that includes almost every aspect of financial services industry. Also, it protects those employees who report regarding the violation of any order, standard, rule or prohibition prescribed by the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection.

Affordable Care Act (ACA)
180 days is the limited time period for the employees to complain about the violation. This Act protects employees who report about the violations of any provision of Title I of the ACA including, but not restricted to counter Act based on the personal receipt of denial of coverage based on preexisting condition, health insurance subsidies or an insurer’s failure to rebate a portion of an excess premium.

Section 806 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX)
As an employee, if you have filed a complaint within 180 days from the time of violation of the act, and if you belong to certain companies who report alleged wire, mail, bank or security fraud, you will be protected for complaining about the violations of federal laws related to fraud on the shareholders or violation of Security and Exchange agency regulations and rules. This act also covers the employees belonging to publicly traded companies. Here, the companies have to file some reports with the SEC.

These are various labor laws that employees of various organizations must know.
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How Online Advertising Helps Your Website

Ad server for ad networksAre you a website owner? Then, online advertising is the best way for your business to make it visible to your customers. Today online advertising is more popular and wide spread among the audience than the traditional methods of advertising. So, would you like to know what online advertising is and what are the major benefits that you can get through it? Then, read this article.

Online advertising is one of the methods of advertising. The purpose of online advertising is to spread your business globally through which you can build your brand and grow your business. Online advertising can be done through various ways and having a good and effective online advertising campaign will give lots of benefits to your business such as:

  • Increasing customers: A good and attractive advertisement with facts can bring lots of potential and targeted customers to your business through online advertising. Because, online advertising has more scope of reaching the customers than the offline as today’s world is relaying mostly on the online services rather than the offline. This makes your business profitable.
  • Brand awareness: It also improves the brand name of your company, product or service that your company is having. Brand awareness helps in bringing long-terms customers for your business which is more important for any business to survive in this competitive world.
  • Global presence: Through online advertising you can place your ads wherever and whatever website you want. So, here you will have more chances of targeting the customers globally if your business needs global presence. This makes your product or service more popular and brings good image to your business or company.
  • Local opportunities:Along with the global opportunities your local opportunities will also increase automatically. Being popular locally is more important, because people come to you based on the reviews of local area. So, when concentrating on global presence don’t ignore your local area. Because, there is a chance of getting popularity in local area through both online and offline advertising. So, don’t loose a single chance in promoting your business.
  • More sales and revenue: Ultimately online advertising brings you more sales and revenue when compared to the offline advertising since, online advertising is focused mainly on performance based results. This gives you an edge among the competitors and make you unique among them with good and unique online ad that you display.

These are few benefits that comes through online advertising which is the most effective way of communicating your business to your customers.
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OSHA: What does It Cover?

OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Act) is a government agency that is within the department of labor. OSHA is accountable for setting, supporting and implementing the standards to ensure that the employees have the safe workplace. Under OSHA many employees or employers or workers are covered. To know them in detail go through the following information.

OSHA coverages
OSHA standards cover most of the employees. But, there are also a few employees or workers that are not covered under OSHA. The details are as follows:

Private sector employers and their employees – Most of the workers or employees in the nation come under OSHA’s territory, and it covers most of the employers and employees either through the federal OSHA or through the state authorized OSHA plan. The safety and health plans that are run by the state must be at least as effective as federal OSHA program. You can contact OSHA office for more information.

Local government and state workers – Employees who are working under a state or local government are not covered under Federal OSHA. But, they will have the OSHA Act protection, if they are working in the states which have OSHA approved plan for that state. Not all states have this OSHA approved state occupational safety and health programs; and this differs from state to state in a country. So, make sure whether your state has the OSHA program or not.

Federal government workers – Federal agencies should have the safety and health program that meets the standards identical as the private employers. OSHA monitors the federal agencies and responds to the complaints of the workers, though it doesn’t fine the federal agencies.

Employers or employees not covered under OSHA – OSHA will not recognize some employees to be covered under this act. Some of them are – self-employed individuals and close family members of the farm employers. There are also some workplaces that are exempted, including places of employment where federal agencies set some working conditions like mining, nuclear energy fields etc. This also include the state and local governments which doesn’t have OSHA approved health and safety programs.

These are the areas that OSHA covers or doesn’t cover. So, every employer and employee must be aware of these facts, if they are part of a business or an organization. If you are covered under this act, you will have several rights and responsibilities.
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Statistics of Small and Medium Enterprises in Texas

Small and medium scale businesses are one of the most vibrant sectors playing a good part in the economy of Texas. The significance of the small and medium enterprises are derivable for its capacity in the generation of employment, requirement for technology and low capital, use of local resources and inherited skill, organizing of resources and final exportability of products. This article furnishes statistics about Texas small and medium businesses.

Number of small businesses present are 2,366,053 of which 390,433 are with employees and 1,975,620 are without employees. Total number of workers employed by small businesses are 4,119,801.

Overall state economy: In 2012, Texas’ gross state product grew at a faster rate with increase by 4.8 percent compared to US gross domestic product which was only 2.5 percent.

  • The employment rate has improved considerably in Texas with the unemployment rate decreased by 0.1 percent from 6.1 percent in December 2012 to 6.0 percent December 2013 which accounts to be below 6.7 percent which is the national average point.

Rate of employment: Small business in Texas employed half or 4.1 million of the state’s workforce under private sector in 2011.

  • Most firms with employees are small making up to 98.6 percent of the employers present in the state.
  • The three major industries with large employment are: healthcare and social assistance, accommodation and & food services and construction.
  • In 2011, small businesses created about 139,251 new jobs.
  • Texas employment in private sector has been increased by 3.3 % in 2013 which is above 2.1 %, the national average growth rate.

Business turnover: During the 2nd quarter of 2013 around 21,972 establishments opened and 21,902 have been closed.

  • The inability to pay debts by the businesses have dropped down from 2010-2013 resulting in a stronger economy state.

Business owner demographics: Woman-owned businesses were estimated to be 669,000 and minority owned businesses were 792,000 in 2011.

International trade: In 2012, small businesses exported goods with a total of 40,737 companies from the state composed majorly about 93.1 percent or 37,921 small firms where they generated about 30.6 % of the total export value in the state.

Income and finance:Majority of small businesses are sole proprietorship businesses where the annual income has been increased by 6.8 % during the 3rd quarter of 2013 which totaled up to $172.4 billion.

  • Community reinvestment act lending institutions issued about 403,654 loans under $100,000 in 2012.

Statistics at the industry level
Aerospace, aviation and defense: The department of aerospace and aviation industry employs about 153,000 of the state workers around 1,300 establishments.

  • Texas has about 250,874 personnel with 15 active military bases with being $150 billion overall impact on the economy of the state.

Information and computer technology: Texas is home to 15,100 technology firms, 196,000 workers employed with average wage about $96,714.

  • Employment rate in computer systems design has been increased by 60 percent over last 10 years.
  • Texas state takes second position in the whole nation in computer and video game employment, with being 13,600 people employed either directly or indirectly.

Advanced technology and manufacturing: The manufacturing industry in Texas employs 874,450 people with an average salary of $71,500 where general motors and Toyota being the largest employers in automotive industry.

  • It is the top US state in manufacturing shipment value and exports where it exported more than $24.4 billion in 2013 under transportation equipment.
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How Online Marketing is Better Than Traditional Marketing

Ad serving costSince long, marketing strategy and campaigning was dominated predominantly by traditional way of marketing. Everyone of us might have come across sales persons at our doors trying to promote or sell their products. This is a type of traditional marketing. Traditional marketing is often very costly and slow due to large workforce involved and lot of resources. Advertising through roadside hoardings, newspaper advertisements, television advertisements, distributing brochures, etc., are all ways of traditional marketing. It lacked reach and effectiveness. People always do not access the channels through which this promotion is done.

On the contrary, online marketing is very innovative and has widespread reach. It is accessible to almost everyone. In this way, internet provides a very good platform for marketing and advertising.

Traditional marketing vs online marketing

  • Traditional marketing
    Due to the large amount of resources that are put to use, the cost of the traditional marketing increases. Much expenditure is incurred on things such as renting space for hoarding, printing the banners, arranging for the workforce, transportation and a lot more. This is one of the major reasons it is pursued less nowadays.

    Secondly, the performance and success of the campaigning and promotion cannot be measured with good accuracy. Only estimates can be made regarding these. Most of the times success is rated through the number of sales that happened in a particular area. The reach of the traditional marketing is very much limited. Promoters have to campaign in each of the local markets separately. This amounts to a lot of expenditure. The effect of traditional marketing is slow. It takes time to build brands and enhance brand recognition.

  • Online marketing
    Internet is one of the most useful utility feature of the 21st century. It has created a revolution in the era of information technology. Fortunately, internet also provides a very reliable and effective platform for marketing and promoting products and brands. It is fast and within no time targets the customers. In a short time, it creates a much larger impact. There are many ways through which traffic and success of a campaign can be measured. Exact numbers can be obtained regarding how many sales happened, how many persons interacted, number of likes, shares, etc. The reach of the method is extensive and covers local, national and international markets in an appreciable way.

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Pay-Per-Click Online Advertising and Its Benefits

Pay-Per-Click (PPC) is an online advertising model through which advertisers pay the publishers when the customer or visitor clicks on the ad displayed. Through this, both the advertiser and the publisher are benefited and this is a part of affiliate marketing because both help one another. PPC ads have strong impact on the customers through which advertisers can enhance their business.

PPC will be of two types one is flat rate PPC and the other is bid-based PPC. In a flat-rate PPC model, both the advertiser and the publisher agree for a fixed amount of money for each click made where as in bid-based PPC the advertisers has to compete with the competitors in an auction hosted by publisher and here the advertiser has to pay the publisher based on the bid made.

Through PPC advertising, the advertiser and the publishers both are benefited. Here are some of the advantages of PPC advertising.

Advantages of PPC

Quick launch
The PPC campaign can be launched quickly in the market and target the group of audience. These PPC ads will bring the targeted traffic to your site. With this traffic, your business will expand in the market quickly and chance of gaining brand image.

Deciding budget
In PPC, online advertising the advertiser has the choice of setting the budget based on the targeted traffic and keywords. The advertiser sometimes decides the budget based on the bidding made. Therefore, the advertiser can save the money without any losses.

Result based payment
Here the money is paid by the advertiser to the publisher only when the click is made by the customers on the ad and the advertiser need not pay for placing their ads on the publisher’s site. Therefore, the advertiser will not loose with this PPC ads.

Strong branding
With PPC ads, the business product or service will have good brand image among the customers. Through this, the advertiser will have good revenue and strong branding in the market.

Fast results
PPC ads will have strong impact on the customers and the results achieved will be very fast when compared to the SEO campaigns, which will take long time for achieving results.

Measure the conversion
With PPC, advertising you can measure the conversion rate and you can calculate the ROI (Return on Investment). This helps in achieving campaign results easily.

These are the few PPC benefits that an advertiser can achieve with his/her campaign.
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Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Top Customer Rated Cars of 2014 Given By Kelly Blue Book

Are you a car lover and very curious to know what are the top selling cars in 2014, then this article is for you. In this article we are going to discuss about the top selling car of 2014 rated by Kelly Blue Book. In this article we are going to study about the list of top selling cars in 2014 with their rating points and some features of the car.

S.No Rank Model Rating Points
1 #1 Chevrolet Silverado 9
2 #1 Toyota Corolla 9
3 #3 Ram Trucks 8.8
4 #3 Ford Fusion 8.8
5 #4 Ford F-Series 8.7
6 #5 Honda Civic 8.6
7 #6 Toyota camry 8.5
8 #7 Honda Accord 8.2
9 #8 Nissan Altima 7.8
10 #9 Honda CR-V 7.7

From the panel given, it’s clear that Chevrolet Silverado and Toyota Corolla secured the top position in the Kelly Blue Book’s in customer rating with 9.0 rating points out of 10. In this article, we’ll discuss all the rating points given and some of the featured equipped in the top ranked vehicle.

Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab
The all new 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab comes with all new design,the look of the new released model is entirely different form the previous version.
2014 Chevrolet Silverado also ranked #3 out of 17 in most fuel efficient car rated by Kelly Blue Book.

Expert rating points
The following are the some of the rating points give to the 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab by Kelly Blue Book (KBB):

  • The Kelly Blue Book (KBB) rated 7.2 out of 10 for the driving dynamics.
  • 8.0 out of 10 for its comfort and the convenience.
  • 7.8 out of 10 for its design (Interior and Exterior).
  • The over all rating points given by the KBB Experts is 7.8 out of 10.0.

Specification of 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab

  • Engine Performances

The 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab engine comes with direct fuel-injection, an all-aluminum design, and cylinder deactivation technology that seamlessly shuts down half of the engine’s cylinders under light loads.

A 6-speed automatic transmission linked to a manual shift mode is standard.
The 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab has net horsepower of 285@5300rpm and has a 305lb-ft@3500 rpm of torque.

  • Fuel Economy
  • When coming to the fuel efficiency, the estimated fuel economy in city is 18mpg, Whereas coming to highways the estimated fuel economy is 24mpg.

  • Some of the notable feature of 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab
  • Air bags
  • Driver Air Bag
  • Passenger Air Bag
  • Side Head Air Bag
  • Rear Head Air Bag
  • Side Air Bag
  • Braking system
  • 4-Wheel ABS
  • 4-Wheel Disc Brakes
  • Safety features
  • Electronic Stability Control system
  • Daytime Running Lights
  • Child Safety Locks system
  • Traction Control system

Price range
The 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab comes with a price range of $25,575–$49,180

Pros of 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab

  • It has e9xcellent fuel economy for a truck

Cons of 2014 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab

  • It has grabby regenerative brakes
  • Very low towing capacity.

These are some of the details of the all new Chevrolet Silverado 1500,I hope this article will help you to purchase a new Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Crew Cab.
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Employers, Employees And Labor Unions Under National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

About NLRA
NLRA stands for National Labor Relations Act. The law gives the employees the right to organize and form unions in order to bargain collectively for better terms and conditions at workplace. This law provides provisions for employees to ensure their own interests and welfare by engaging in certain welfare activities and putting their demands collectively before their employer.

A new or existing employee is free to join any union as per his choice and he cannot be forced to make a choice. He can even choose to stay without joining any union. Unions give employees a means to address their grievances and stand unitedly against any injustice or violation of interests.

The Law also accommodates features to ensure that none of the parties misuse the law and the vested powers by virtue of this law by providing the guidelines for each party. The elections of the labor unions and the grievance handling is done by a body called the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB).

The law is not applicable to the Federal, State and local government bodies and mostly applies to the private firms only. These laws do not cover railway employees, agricultural and individual employees and their close relatives.

Provisions and guidelines for the unions
As per the provisions of the NLRA, the workers can form a union for their collective interests. They can organize and collectively discuss among themselves for better wages, work hours and other welfare issues and later discuss and bargain them with the employers.

Employers in the from of unions can work collectively to enhance the working conditions of the workplace and improve it in terns of safety and convenience.

Every employee under the law has the right to join or form an union. They can also choose to assist any of the union without joining it. But it is not mandatory on the part of the employee to join an union. It depends completely on his will whether to join or avoid a union. He cannot be forced by some union members to join his union.

Same ways, unions cannot threaten an employee with loosing a job for not joining the union. This is illegal under the law for the union to force an employee. An union cannot discriminate an employee on the ground that he does not belong to his union and if such employee comes with a grievance, it is the duty of the union to address it. An union should also not try to influence the hiring process by making some undue and unjustified recommendations.

The law has been established that the employees address and bargain collectively in a good faith over genuine things. Undue demands and issues should not be promoted by the unions under the cover of the law. Hence, tough they can do strikes and picketing; they should ensure that the reason is worth doing it.

Guidelines for employers
The employer should be mindful and considerate about the rights and the welfare of the employees and should not try to discourage union and its activities. Hence an employer should not threaten, force or lure someone in form of bribes to discourage some union activity or to avoid joining some union. An employer cannot simply demote, fire or discriminate a person because he is indulging in some union activity. This is against the law. Similarly as an employer, you cannot hinder or stop any union activity that is happening at times other than work time. Spying and video graphing the union activities that are legitimate is also a violation to the act.

An employer should take the labor unions in good faith and heed their grievances and address them if they are justified. The employer is also protected by the same law for any inappropriate activity of the labor unions. Hence an employer need to have faith in the law and abide by his set of guidelines.

Complaint systems
Any act of discrimination or violation of the law should be brought to the notice of the federal agency NLRB within six months. The law stands for vested interests of the employees and gives enough protection to the employer against any unlawful or illegitimate demand of the union.
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New Car Launches by Dodge in USA 2014

Dodge Motors in USA makes minivans and sports utility vehicles. In this article, we list a couple of new cars that Dodge Motors is launching this year (with specifications and their performance features).

The newly launching/launched cars by Dodge Motors we are discussing in this article are:

  • Dodge Grand Caravan
  • Dodge Challenger

Dodge Grand Caravan 2014
Dodge Grand Caravan is a Small Station Wagon manufactured by Dodge motors. The Grand Caravan may be one of the longest-running names in the minivan business.

Specifications of Dodge Grand Caravan 2014

Gas Mileage 17 mpg City/25 mpg Hwy
Fuel Economy combined 20 mpg
Engine Regular Unleaded V-6, 3.6 L
Driving Type Front Wheel Drive
Base Curb Weight 1960 KG
Passenger Capacity 7
Turning Diameter – Curb to Curb (ft) 39.1
Net Horse Power @ RPM 283 @ 6400
EPA Class 2WD Minivans
Net Torque @ RPM 260 @ 4400
Steering Type Rack-Pinion
Displacement 3.6 L/220
Passenger Doors 4
Body Style Mini-van, Passenger
Fuel Tank capacity 75.70Liters (20 Gallons)
Transmission system 6-Speed Automatic 62TE

Features of Dodge Grand Caravan 2014

  • Power mirrows, locks and windows
  • A removable second-row bench seat
  • Fold-away third-row seating
  • Cruise control system
  • Key less entry system.
  • A power liftgate,
  • Power sliding doors
  • Power driver seat,
  • Ambient interior lighting
  • Satellite radio system.
  • Safety Features
  • Parking sensors,
  • A rear view camera system.
  • blind-spot monitors system
  • Automatic headlights.
  • Dual front airbags
  • Stability control system
  • Curtain airbags extend protection to all three rows of seats.
  • Performance of Dodge Grand Caravan 2014

    • A V6-Cylinder engine 283-horsepower 3.6-liter engine, 6-Speed Automatic Transmission system.
    • Fuel Efficiency of 17 city/25 hwy
    • The combine rating of this car is 20 mpg.

    Dodge Challenger 2014
    Dodge Challenger is a Mid-Size Cars manufactured by Dodge motors. Dodge Challenger is the most faithful to its original pony-car roots and the design formula that made it a classic.

    Specifications of Dodge Challenger 2014

    Gas Mileage 18 mpg City/27 mpg Hwy
    Fuel Economy combined 21 mpg
    Engine Regular Unleaded V-6, 3.6 L
    Driving Type Rear Wheel Drive
    Base Curb Weight 1740KG
    Passenger Capacity 5
    Turning Diameter – Curb to Curb (ft) 38.1
    Net Horse Power @ RPM 305 @ 6350
    EPA Class Mid-Size Cars
    Net Torque @ RPM 268 @ 4800
    Steering Type Rack-Pinion
    Displacement 3.6 L/220
    Passenger Doors 2
    Body Style 2dr Car
    Fuel Tank capacity 73.81Liters (19.5 Gallons)
    Transmission system 5-Speed Automatic (W5A580)

    Features of Dodge Challenger 2014

    • Power mirrors, locks and windows.
    • Automatic climate control.
    • Key less entry and start system.
    • Cruise control system.
    • A power driver’s seat.
    • Fog lamps.
    • Park assist.
    • A lower axle ratio.
    • Larger disc brakes.
    • Sportier suspension and steering tuning.
    • Premium sound system.
    • HID headlamps.
    • Safety Features
  • Electronic stability control system.
  • Front, side, and side-curtain airbags.
  • Anti-lock brakes system.
  • Hill Start Assist system.
  • A driver’s knee bag.
  • A rearview camera system.
  • Blind-spot monitors.
  • Performance of Dodge Challenger 2014

    • A V6-Cylinder engine 305-horsepower 3.3-liter engine, 6-Speed Automatic Transmission system.
    • Fuel Efficiency of 18 city/27 hwy.
    • The combine rating of Dodge Challenger to get 60 mph in just 6.3 second.

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    Filed under Business

    New Car Launches by Honda in USA 2014

    Honda is known for producing quality vehicles. This year, the car manufacturer a few new vehicles. In this article, we have listed out some of new cars that Honda Motors is launching this year with specifications and their performance features.

    Some of the newly launching/launched cars by Honda are as follows:

    • Honda Civic
    • Honda CR-V

    Honda Civic 2014
    Honda Civic is the one of the compact cars launched by Honda motors.

    Specifications of Honda Civic 2014

    Gas Mileage 28 mpg City/36 mpg Highway
    Fuel Economy combined 31 mpg
    Engine Regular Unleaded I-4, 1.8 L
    EPA Class Compact cars
    Driving Type Front Wheel Drive
    Passenger capacity 5
    Turning diameter – curb to Curb (ft) 35.4
    Base curb weight 1250 KG
    Net horse power 143@6500
    Net torque 129@4300
    Displacement 1.8L/110
    Passenger doors 4
    Body style 4dr Car
    Fuel tank capacity 50 liters (13.2 gallons)
    Transmission system 5-Speed Manual

    Features of Honda Civic 2014

    • VSA Electronic Stability Control (ESC), which improves safety of a vehicle stability by detecting and reducing loss of skidding.
    • Anti Braking System And Drive line Traction Control system
    • Side Impact Beams
    • Dual stage driver and passenger seat-mounted side airbags
    • Low tire pressure warning
    • Dual stage driver and passenger front airbags
    • Curtain 1st And 2nd Row Airbags
    • Airbag occupancy sensor
    • Rear child safety locks
    • Outboard front lap and shoulder safety belts
    • Rear view camera

    Performance of Honda Civic 2014

    • A I4-Cylinder engine 143-horsepower 1.8-liter 5-Speed Manual transmission system.
    • Fuel Efficiency of 28 city/36 hwy
    • The combine rating of this car is 31 mpg.
    • I4-cylinder engine allows the Honda Civic to get 60 mph in just 10 seconds.

    Honda CR-V 2014
    Honda CR-V is the one of the small sport utility vehicles launched by Honda motors.

    Specifications of Honda CR-V 2014

    Gas Mileage 23 mpg City/31 mpg Highway
    Fuel Economy combined 26 mpg
    Engine Regular Unleaded I-4, 2.4 L
    EPA Class Small Sport Utility Vehicles
    Driving Type Front Wheel Drive
    Passenger Capacity 5
    Turning Diameter – Curb to Curb (ft) 37
    Base curb weight 1450 KG
    Net horse power 185 @ 7000
    Net torque 163 @ 4400
    Displacement 2.4 L/144
    Passenger doors 4
    Body style Sport utility
    Fuel tank capacity 58 Liters (15.3 Gallons)
    Transmission System 5-Speed Automatic, grade logic control

    Features of Honda CR-V 2014

    • Blue tooth hands-free connectivity and streaming audio.
    • This system can handle SMS texting (reading and pre-set replying)
    • A Pandora app, with turn-by-turn directions, and trip computer data
    • You also have the option to display wallpaper (your pictures).
    • Electronic Stability Control (ESC), that improves safety of a vehicle stability by detecting and reducing loss of Skidding.
    • Anti Braking System And Drive line Traction Control system
    • Dual stage driver and passenger seat-mounted side airbags
    • Low tire pressure warning
    • Wide-angle side mirrors
    • Dual stage driver and passenger front airbags
    • Curtain 1st And 2nd Row Airbags
    • Airbag occupancy sensor
    • Rear child safety locks
    • Outboard front lap and shoulder safety belts
    • Rear view camera.

    Performance of Honda Civic 2014

    • A I4-Cylinder engine 185-horsepower 2.4-liter, 5-Speed Automatic, grade logic control transmission system.
    • Fuel efficiency of 23 city/31 hwy
    • The combined rating of this car is 26 mpg.

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    Filed under Business

    Surface mount technology in PCB

    PCBs are an innovation. PCBs have made circuits sturdy, small and neat as compared to early boards. This is the through hole technology of PCB fabrication. With time and requirement, the size if the PCB started appearing bigger. As this is an era of miniaturization, further reduction in size of the PCB was required. To cater to miniaturization of the circuits, surface mount technology came into effect. The components lack leads and can be soldered on the same side of the board where the circuit is.

    Features of the surface mount technology
    As the name suggests, components are placed on the same surface where the circuit design is soldered. This saves the other surface of the PCB substrate and it can also be utilized to design a circuit and placement of circuit components. The circuit components for surface mount technology are different from conventional components. They are flat profiled, small and give minimum height and length to the circuit.

    A metallic bed is prepared for them on the circuit. The components have metallic ends. The components are placed on the bed and are soldered on the same surface. Even though they are on the same surface, a few holes need to be drilled on the board to connecting the circuits through on the two surfaces. These are called vias. They are useful in expelling heat from a circuit.

    Circuit components are designed specifically for surface mount boards, ICs, resistors, capacitors, etc. all come in a very miniature and small flat profiled form. The main and the basic motive is to minimize the circuit.


    • The technology has become possible only because of the flat profile and small components. This has resulted in massive miniaturization of the circuits due to small component size, high density fabrication and utilization of both sides of the PCB substrate.
    • The data speeds are very good in surface mount technologies due to small track lengths and good circuit design.
    • The cost of production is low. Mass production of the components can be done and only few holes need to be drilled on the boards.
    • It offers less resistance to shocks and vibrations due to less height of the boards.
    • Low RF leakage and inductance at the soldering ends.


    • Reliability of solder joints is a major concern. With the miniaturization, soldering area is becoming minimal. They can also be damaged by impulsive jerks and potting compounds while thermal treatment.
    • These boards are not compatible with breadboard sockets. Hence they are not friendly to test.
    • They are not suitable for high power applications.
    • Skilled operators and workforce is required to tackle the problems associated with surface mount boards.


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