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Tag Archives: Drug abuse

Ecstasy Addiction on Rise in Teens

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It is also called as MDMA. This drug tends to create a sense of euphoria and an expansive love or desire to nurture others. There are many health effects that a person experiences when he is addicted to Ecstasy. When taken in excess, it increases body temperature to the point of being fatal.

Psychological effects of the drug includes euphoria, decrease in negative emotions, an increase in empathetic feelings and enhanced tactile sensations. Along with the psychological effects it also shows physical effects which includes increased blood pressure and heart rate, increase in body temperature, blurred vision, involuntary eye movements, urinary retention and difficulty in sleeping. Long term usage of this drug can damage the brain, the long term effects could place the addict’s life in danger.

There is a rise in the use of the Ecstasy by the teens and the primary reason for this rise is the pleasurable effects that are experienced by the teen users. In the United States, 11 percent of students entering the 12th grade have been under the influence of the drug. Ecstasy addiction in the teens causes depression, chills, sweating and paranoia. Some teens may experience a rash that is similar to acne and bouts of aggression. Some researches have shown that more than 70 percent of teens who are addicted to the drug have developed learning disorders and emotional problems as a direct result of their addiction. Many teens have suffered with the erratic mood swings that are uncontrollable. Addiction to this drug requires professional treatment in teens.

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Filed under Society
Jun 22, 2011

Consequences of Illicit Drug Use in USA

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There has been an increase in the use of illicit drugs in the United States. This increase in the drug abuse has many effects on the nation. The harmful consequences of use of these illicit drugs are here under:

Drug Deaths:
According to the latest data available, 38,371 people died of drug-induced causes in 2007, with 34,598 suicides and 18,361 homicides. In U.S for every 15 minutes, there is a drug-induced death. Many preventable deaths occurred in 2007 due to drug induced causes.

Economic Costs:
The economic cost of drug abuse in the US was estimated at $180.9 billion in 2002 and this costs includes resources used to cure the health of addicts and the costs involved in crime consequences.

Drugged Driving:
According to a self report survey in 2009, approximately 10.5 million Americans reported driving under the influence of an illicit drug. One in three drivers killed in motor vehicle crashes who drove under the influence of drugs in 2009.

School Performance:
Use of the illicit drugs also increased among the 8th, 10th and 12th graders and this shows a great effect on the performance of those children in the schools. These addicted students are more likely to skip the class more frequently, and spend less time studying.

Treatment Needs:
In 2009, 7.1 million persons needed treatment for illicit drug problems. Of these 7.1 million, 1.5 million received specialty treatment.

Criminal Justice Involvement:
According to a 2009 study of arrestees in 10 metropolitan cities in the United States, there are more number of people arrested for using the drugs than the people who are generally arrested. The percentage of booked arrestees testing positive for at least one illicit drug ranged from 56 percent to 82 percent.

Severe Health Effects:
In 2008, an estimated 2 million people were admitted in the hospitals for treating drug addiction. Out of these, one million visits were due to the use of illicit drugs.

Environmental Impact:
There are also some significant environmental impacts caused because of the manufacturing of these illicit drugs in the labs. These impacts includes chemical toxicity, risk of fire and explosion, lingering effects of toxic waste, and potential injuries. Coca and poppy cultivation which are used in the preparation of the illicit drugs significantly damages the environment.

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Filed under Society
Jun 21, 2011

Illicit Drug and Alcohol Use Among the College Students

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The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) included 9 categories of illicit drugs and 4 categories of prescription drugs. Illicit drugs are marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, and inhalants and the prescription drugs are pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives.

Illicit Drug Use:
The rate of illicit use among the full time college students in 2009 was similar to the rate among part time college students, students in other grades or types of institutions. This rate of use of illicit drugs also increased from 20.2 percent in 2008 to 22.7 percent in 2009 but there was no significant change in the rate of drug use among those not enrolled full time in college.

There was an increase in the rate of current use of marijuana among full time college students aged 18 to 22 from 2008 to 2009. There was also increase in the current non medical use of psycho therapeutic drugs and this percentage increased from 5.2 in 2008 to 6.3 percent in 2009.

Alcohol Use:
Among full time college students in 2009, 63.9 percent were current drinkers, 43.5 percent were binge drinkers, and 16.0 percent were heavy drinkers. This rate is high in adults aged 18 to 22 enrolled full time in college than their friends not enrolled full time. Among those not enrolled full time in college, these rates were 53.5, 37.8, and 11.7 percent, respectively.

Current and binge drinking rates were increased among full time college students from 2008 to 2009 while at the same time rate of heavy drinking among those not enrolled full time in college decreased from 13.0 percent in 2008 to 11.7 percent in 2009. The pattern of higher rates of current alcohol use, binge alcohol use, and heavy alcohol use among full time college students when compared with rates for others aged 18 to 22 has remained consistent since 2002.

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Filed under Society
May 31, 2011

Illicit Drug Use Among the American Adults

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The National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) included 9 categories of illicit drugs which includes use of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, and inhalants and the non medical use of prescription type pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives. This research is funded by Monitoring The Future (MFT) group.

For the young adults aged 18 to 25, the rates of use of the illicit drugs in 2009 was higher by 21.2 percent than the illicit drug use among the adults of other age group. Among young adults, 18.1 percent used marijuana, 6.3 percent used prescription type drugs non medically, 1.8 percent used hallucinogens, and 1.4 percent used cocaine.

In 2009, 6.3 percent were current illicit drug users among the adults aged 26 or older. Among these adults 4.6 percent used marijuana, and 2.1 percent used prescription type drugs non medically. Among the adults aged 26 or older, 0.6 percent used cocaine, 0.2 percent used hallucinogens, 0.1 percent used both heroin and inhalants. When compared to 2008, the non medical use of stimulants increased from 0.2 to 0.4 percent, methamphetamine use rose from 0.1 to 0.2 percent in 2009. In addition to these drugs, use of marijuana is also higher in 2009 which accounts to 4.6 percent.

Among adults aged 50 to 59, the rate of current illicit drug use increased from 2.7 to 6.2 percent between 2002 and 2009. For the adults aged between 50 and 54 the rate increased from 3.4 percent in 2002 to 6.9 percent in 2009. Among those aged 55 to 59, current illicit drug use increased from 1.9 percent in 2002 to 5.4 percent in 2009.

Filed under Society
May 30, 2011

Negative Consequences of Drug Addiction On Society and Economy

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Drug abusing not only effects the individuals who are abusing drugs but it also effects their families and friends, various businesses, and government resources. Drug abuse can also cause ill health, sickness and ultimately death of the persons who are addicted to the drugs. Drug abuse may cause contraction of needle borne illnesses including hepatitis and HIV/AIDS through injection drug use.

Social Consequences:
NSDUH data indicate that in 2004 over 3.5 million individuals aged 18 and older admitted to having injected an illicit drug during their lifetime. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 123,235 adults living with AIDS in the United States in 2003 contracted the disease from injection drug use. CDC further reports that more than 25,000 people died in 2003 from drug induced effects. Children of the parents who abuse drugs often are physically or emotionally abused and lack proper immunizations, medical care, dental care, and necessities such as food, water, and shelter. NCLSS data show that U.S. law enforcement agencies report that 2,474 children were affected by the illicit methamphetamine laboratories while 12 children were injured and 3 children were killed.

Economic Consequences:
A business gets effected when its employees are abused to drugs in a significant way. Some employees who are abusing drugs puts life of others at risk like airline pilots, air traffic controllers, train operators, and bus drivers etc. Businesses are often effected economically because employees who abuse drugs sometimes steal cash or supplies, equipment, and products that can be sold to get money to buy drugs. Business is also effected by absenteeism, less productivity, and increased use of medical and insurance benefits by employees who abuse drugs.

Drug abusing also effects economically by putting burden on federal, state, and local government resources because government has to spend lot of money for educating the people about the negative effects of the drugs on them. Drug abusers often require extensive medical treatment adding to social services costs. Government invests lot of money, time and manpower to investigating and cleaning up clandestine laboratories. According to DEA, the average cost to clean up a methamphetamine production laboratory is $1,900.

Filed under Home-and-living
May 24, 2011

Know About Marijuana Addiction and Its Signs and Symptoms

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Marijuana testing is commonly done at workplaces and home to detect the drug abused employees and children. Marijuana addiction among the users can be identified by some signs and symptoms. Certain physical and physiological changes occur in the drug users.

Some of the signs of marijuana addiction are:

  • Relaxation
  • Drowsiness
  • Sedation
  • Euphoria
  • Altered perception of Reality
  • Hallucinations
  • Uncontrolled Behavior

Illegal drug consumption can also be detected by a change in social life of an individual. Social activities and habits of a person also help in finding marijuana addicted people. Continuous decrease in performance of studies of students may also suspect marijuana addiction. Injuries or accidents, absenteeism, and decrease in productivity at workplaces are some of the signs of marijuana addiction among employees.

In addition to these signs and symptoms, bad memory, red eyes, decrease in coordination, increased heart rate, depression, dilated pupils, and mood swings are some other signs of marijuana addiction. Withdrawal symptoms of marijuana include loss of appetite, headache, irritability, restlessness and anger.

When a person is identified with these signs and symptoms of marijuana addiction, THC drug test like saliva drug test, urine drug test or hair drug test should be conducted. If the test is confirmatory, then proper addiction treatment has to be given to the person. Rehabilitation programs including cognitive behavioral therapy help in avoiding drug addiction.

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Filed under Society
Feb 16, 2011

Facts about Drug Abuse and Addiction

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Drugs are the chemicals, which have susceptible impact on neuro-chemical balance of human brain that effects feelings and actions of an individual. Abusing drugs often or regularly leads to addiction. Although there is no particular age limit for drug addiction, earlier abuse causes more serious drug addiction.

Reasons for addiction
Every abuser has a different reason for drug abuse or addiction. Mostly to escape from problems, people abuse drugs, and become addicted. Many factors influence the individuals like social environment, person’s biology, and age. Family, friends, life style of individual contribute to drug abuse. Critical stages of life along with genetic, and environmental factors also affect drug addiction susceptibility.

Effects of addiction
Complications of drug addiction are very high and it is like a disease that affects brain, and total functioning of the body. Brain’s communication system is affected with the chemicals present in drugs as they disrupt the process of information flow to nerve cells. Short and long term effects are seen in the abuse due to drug addiction.

  • Short term: The chemicals present in the drugs will blow into the brain’s communication system. These chemicals can disturb the functioning of the “reward circuit” of the brain. Many short-term consequences are observed in abuser’s health and avoiding drug abuse can help in overcoming the short-term consequences. Sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety, running nose, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, depression, headache, dizziness, effects on memory and respiratory problems etc are found with short term drug addiction.
  • Long term: Serious long-term effects are found with drug abuse and addiction changes brain chemical system and circuit. These effects can lead from mild itching to coma and to death of the drug abuser. This addiction facilitates the user in experiencing uncontrollable cravings particularly when they see place or person associated with drug. High drug addiction can lead for infectious diseases, breathing related diseases, veins, or nervous collapse, and abuser can even die in minutes in certain situations.

The above addressed information about reasons and effects of drug abuse and addiction can be useful in preventing drug abuse. Prevention programs and educating the people about effects can be helpful in preventing drug abuse and addiction in society. If it is not controlled at right time, these drugs can become masters of abuser’s life. The consequences of addiction of drug can be overwhelming to both the user and to the user’s family members.


Filed under Home-and-living
Nov 18, 2010

Deaths Related to Different Drugs – DAWN

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Using illegal drugs causes many problems. It leads to death as well. According to survey report by DAWN, drug related death rate is increasing from one period other . Drug use causes death of many people. The investigation was done for DAWN cases. There are many type of drugs which cause deaths such as:

  • Many illegal drugs like heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and Ecstasy.
  • Other prescription drugs, like Prozac, Vicodin, OxyContin, alprazolam, and methylphenidate.
  • Over the counter medications, like aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and multi ingredient cough and clod remedies.
  • Dietary supplements like vitamins, herbal remedies, nutritional products.
  • Psychoactive inhalants, nonpharmaceutical inhalants.
  • Having alcohol with the combination of other drugs.
  • Alcohol without any drugs for individuals who have age under 21 years.

According to report, there are two major categories of drug related deaths which are based on the manner of the death, such as:

Drug related deaths:
Natural or accidental deaths with drug involvement. Medical use, non medical use, overuse, and misuse of prescription drugs and over the counter medications and drug abuse may cause these two categories of deaths.

Drug related Suicide deaths:
These type of deaths are caused by drug involvement. Thousand of the young adults and their families are impacted by suicide problem, and it is the major problem in United States. Using drug can cause behavioral changes, so it may lead to suicide. Generally, overdose of drug can cause suicidal deaths.

There are many negative affects of drug abuse and death also can be caused by the drug abuse or over use or misuse of prescription drugs.

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Filed under Top News
Oct 13, 2010