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Negative Consequences of Drug Addiction On Society and Economy

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Drug abusing not only effects the individuals who are abusing drugs but it also effects their families and friends, various businesses, and government resources. Drug abuse can also cause ill health, sickness and ultimately death of the persons who are addicted to the drugs. Drug abuse may cause contraction of needle borne illnesses including hepatitis and HIV/AIDS through injection drug use.

Social Consequences:
NSDUH data indicate that in 2004 over 3.5 million individuals aged 18 and older admitted to having injected an illicit drug during their lifetime. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 123,235 adults living with AIDS in the United States in 2003 contracted the disease from injection drug use. CDC further reports that more than 25,000 people died in 2003 from drug induced effects. Children of the parents who abuse drugs often are physically or emotionally abused and lack proper immunizations, medical care, dental care, and necessities such as food, water, and shelter. NCLSS data show that U.S. law enforcement agencies report that 2,474 children were affected by the illicit methamphetamine laboratories while 12 children were injured and 3 children were killed.

Economic Consequences:
A business gets effected when its employees are abused to drugs in a significant way. Some employees who are abusing drugs puts life of others at risk like airline pilots, air traffic controllers, train operators, and bus drivers etc. Businesses are often effected economically because employees who abuse drugs sometimes steal cash or supplies, equipment, and products that can be sold to get money to buy drugs. Business is also effected by absenteeism, less productivity, and increased use of medical and insurance benefits by employees who abuse drugs.

Drug abusing also effects economically by putting burden on federal, state, and local government resources because government has to spend lot of money for educating the people about the negative effects of the drugs on them. Drug abusers often require extensive medical treatment adding to social services costs. Government invests lot of money, time and manpower to investigating and cleaning up clandestine laboratories. According to DEA, the average cost to clean up a methamphetamine production laboratory is $1,900.

Filed under Home-and-living
May 24, 2011

Know about Different Types of Dental Crowns

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Dental crowns are suggested by your dentist when there is a requirement to hold broken tooth together. A dental crown is a cap or cover that encircles the tooth or dental implant. They are used as protective coverings for your tooth. The main purpose of using dental crowns is to support and improve the decayed, damaged or deformed teeth. Dental crown are generally of three types including metal, ceramic and porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns.

Metal Crowns
Gold is most popularly used type of metal crowns. In addition, Nickel, Chromium, and Palladium are also used. These are mostly used for protecting and restoring damaged molars. At cases where there is requirement of great strength instead of cosmetic appearance, metal crowns are used. The durability of these crowns is much higher.

Ceramic Crowns
These are made of porcelain and function like natural teeth. These are mostly used for cosmetic purposes. Front teeth are generally covered with these crowns. They are also durable but not to that extent as metal crowns and may chip more often.

Porcelain-fused-to-metal Crowns
These are a combination of porcelain and metal crowns. The metal substructure is applied and bonded with porcelain. A white-like appearance is provided by these crowns.

These are the most commonly used crowns in dentistry. However, certain resin crowns are available which are inexpensive. However, they are less durable and crack more often.

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Filed under Home-and-living
Mar 21, 2011

Know About Filter-less Air Purifiers

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The demand for the air purifiers are increasing because of constantly growing pollutants in the air. Air purifiers eliminate several hazardousFD Fan substances from the air and there are number of purifiers that are available in the market each having distinct features. One the type of air purifier is filter less air purifiers in which no filters are found, and they effectively remove the particulate matter as well as odors and poisonous gases. The most popular filter less air purifier is the electronic or ionic air purification system.

The filter less air purifying unit contains two electrically active plates. One of these plates is used to electrically charge the particles passing through the purifier and the other plate contains an opposite charge, which attracts these charged particles. The particles settle down on the second plate and hence the air is cleared from all impurities. A photo catalytic purifier has oxidants in order to eliminate odors and other atmospheric contaminants.

The filter less system is advantageous than the conventional purification system. The most important thing in the filter less purifiers is that they do not contain a fan, unlike in conventional purifiers which makes lots of noise. The filter less purifiers also requires less maintenance as there is no need PA Fanto clean and replace the filters. Filter less system also called as an electrostatic air purifier contains the plates in the electrostatic precipitation system, also requires cleaning.

Filter less air purifiers are found to have a drawback, as small amount of ozone released during the process of air purification, which is not good for the health. Inspite of this drawback, the filter less system is one of the most effective purifiers available in the market today.

Filed under Home-and-living
Feb 25, 2011

Know About Nicotine Urine Test

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Various tests for detecting nicotine are done which measures the level of a chemical called cotinine. Cotinine is a metabolite of nicotine. When nicotine is consumed by a person, the body metabolizes it and converts into cotinine. Nicotine test is conducted by blood, saliva, urine, and hair samples. However, most commonly a urine test is conducted for detecting the presence of nicotine and its metabolites. It is important for parents to know about nicotine test as they wish to determine if their children have been smoking. Some health and life insurance companies also conduct nicotine tests for checking the person who apply for insurance. Nicotine tests are also conducted by many organizations to provide safe workplace environment.

A cotinine test helps in detecting only the usage of tobacco and not any other diseases or ailments. Urine cotinine test can detect cotinine for two to four days after the use of tobacco. The levels of cotinine are based on the amount and type of tobacco consumed. The cut-off value for a nicotine urine test is 200ng/ml. Exposure to secondhand smoke may also give a positive result in nicotine testing.

The urine test detects the presence of cotinine by use of a test strip or by placing few drops of urine on a test disc. A postive or a negative result is shown based on the reaction of cotinine in the sample with testing materials. Many home based nicotine urine test kits are also available that help in detecting the presence of cotinine. These are available in superstores, pharmacies, and also through internet.

Urine nicotine tests are used in many situations such as smoking cessation programs, child custody cases, and life insurance purposes.

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Filed under Home-and-living
Jan 10, 2011

How to Personalize Your Wedding Venue

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Many people want to search for perfect wedding venue, that means it should be a ideal venue, and it is also perfect for your guests list, local for the majority of guests, along with wonderful facilities. Sometimes you may not get your favorite venue for wedding. There are few tips to personalize your wedding venue such as:

Change the table layout: You can ask the venue management to arrange the banquet style tables for a reception, if there are formal round tables. Your top table can be placed at the opposite end of the room from the standard layout in your wedding venue.

Alter the sense of space: Arranging the suspending items, such as chandeliers, paper lanterns or bird cages from the ceiling, can lower the focus on the room. You can change the feel of the room by changing the lighting by using candles, colored tables lamps, sparkly fairy lights or up lighters.

Use colored fabrics: You can add the new look to the room with out completely redecorating, by hanging fabrics. Instead of using white colour, use bright colored table cloths and runners, which give the unique look.

Select a unusual theme: If a definite theme, which dominates the every aspect of your wedding, has been chosen, then it will become as the focal point for your guests. Few items like cake are central to your theme, then it can be displayed in the middle of reception room of wedding venue.

These are the tips, you can personalize your personalize your wedding venue by following these tips.

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Filed under Home-and-living
Dec 24, 2010

Facts about Drug Abuse and Addiction

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Drugs are the chemicals, which have susceptible impact on neuro-chemical balance of human brain that effects feelings and actions of an individual. Abusing drugs often or regularly leads to addiction. Although there is no particular age limit for drug addiction, earlier abuse causes more serious drug addiction.

Reasons for addiction
Every abuser has a different reason for drug abuse or addiction. Mostly to escape from problems, people abuse drugs, and become addicted. Many factors influence the individuals like social environment, person’s biology, and age. Family, friends, life style of individual contribute to drug abuse. Critical stages of life along with genetic, and environmental factors also affect drug addiction susceptibility.

Effects of addiction
Complications of drug addiction are very high and it is like a disease that affects brain, and total functioning of the body. Brain’s communication system is affected with the chemicals present in drugs as they disrupt the process of information flow to nerve cells. Short and long term effects are seen in the abuse due to drug addiction.

  • Short term: The chemicals present in the drugs will blow into the brain’s communication system. These chemicals can disturb the functioning of the “reward circuit” of the brain. Many short-term consequences are observed in abuser’s health and avoiding drug abuse can help in overcoming the short-term consequences. Sleeplessness, irritability, anxiety, running nose, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain, depression, headache, dizziness, effects on memory and respiratory problems etc are found with short term drug addiction.
  • Long term: Serious long-term effects are found with drug abuse and addiction changes brain chemical system and circuit. These effects can lead from mild itching to coma and to death of the drug abuser. This addiction facilitates the user in experiencing uncontrollable cravings particularly when they see place or person associated with drug. High drug addiction can lead for infectious diseases, breathing related diseases, veins, or nervous collapse, and abuser can even die in minutes in certain situations.

The above addressed information about reasons and effects of drug abuse and addiction can be useful in preventing drug abuse. Prevention programs and educating the people about effects can be helpful in preventing drug abuse and addiction in society. If it is not controlled at right time, these drugs can become masters of abuser’s life. The consequences of addiction of drug can be overwhelming to both the user and to the user’s family members.


Filed under Home-and-living
Nov 18, 2010

Few Things You Need to Know About Interior Painting

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Different paint finishes have some advantages and some disadvantages. So, you should get the awareness about such things according to your need you have to select best one from them.

  • Depth and texture can be added by colors. So, you have to choose the right color for your home, then dull room becomes beautiful, warm space.
  • you have to consider the imperfections and other factors before you start painting. Greater durability is offered by high gloss paint and it is very easy to clean. If your wall has less perfection, the imperfections can be enhanced by high gloss paint. So to hide imperfections flat paint is better, but it is damaged one than gloss paint.
  • Difficult to say that which color will look good on your wall by using small paint sample. Now small sample cans of different colors are being offered by many paint manufacturers. You need not pay much on that, they cost only few dollars, this is better instead of wasting money on a color by experiment.
  • You should know the length of your room, when you want to purchase a paint for your home. You have to consider the surface of walls where are you are painting, how many number of coats are need for that wall. And you can estimate the amount of paint you have to purchase.
  • You should spent 80 percent of your time for doing preparation work. All imperfections will not be covered by paint. You need to take the proper steps to make walls as flat as possible. Before you start painting, you have to clean them. If there is any dust or debris on wall, it may cause to remove the new paint.
  • Any brushstrokes will be flattened by rolling after brushwork, these brushstrokes can be left on the wall. So always do brush work in the corners before you start rolling.
  • Before you paint, you can use simple masking tape to remove any extra fibers. Slight variations can be created by color mixer, if you want to have two shades of color on the same wall then you can use the mixed colors.

These are the things you need to know about interior painting, it may help you to get information about painting.

Filed under Home-and-living
Jul 30, 2010

Know About Marijuana and Depression

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Marijuana is one of the most illegal drug. It is derived from hemp plant’s mixture of the dried and shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers. This mixture can be in green, brown, or gray color. THC is the one active ingredient in Marijuana, it effects the special parts of brain called as Cannabinoid receptors.

If the user smokes Marijuana, THC associates with Cannabinoid receptors and creates cellular reactions, then the user feels “high” or they feel with pleasant sensation. Some parts of the brain posses high concentrations of Cannabinoid receptors. These areas can be hippocampus, the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cerebral cortex. These area’s functions can be effected by marijuana.

Research proved that after couple of days of taking Marijuana, it can effect the memory and other mental functions. It causes to be below normal mental level and also causes some mental problems like anxiety, depression an schizophrenia. There are two common psychological ailments such as anxiety and depression, that affect the users of Marijuana.

Depression means, a disorder which lowers the mood, disinterest in ones surroundings or condition, fatigue and loss of appetite or personal neglect. Depression is a passing mood for many people and it is weakening condition with severe emotional and physical symptoms for others. Depression can be considered serious when a psychiatric disorder requiring treatment.

Using marijuana not only causes depression, but also many other diseases which can be physical as well as mental diseases. So, it is important to consider to quit the smoking or taking marijuana to protect your self from different health problems associated with Marijuana.

Filed under Home-and-living
Jul 14, 2010