Organic Gardening refers to gardening purely based on compost, manure, bio pest control and use of organic fertilizers made from plant and animal waste. It is free from chemicals which are potentially harmful like pesticides, insecticides, and inorganic fertilizer (urea and synthetic chemicals) preservatives and coloring. Organic gardening is mainly based on 3 factors improving the quality of sand by using natural fertilizers, maintaining proper PH levels and use of bio pest control when required.
Organic gardening may not give you high yield at beginning but it gradually maintains and increases the fertility of soil and eventually you get good yield. So it is essential to prepare the soil with good compost and manure. It is also important to know the PH and nutrient levels of the soil and necessary to get the soil quality check as it will help in choosing the right plants for your garden. Plants growth depends on many factors from light to soil moisture but a good quality seed gives good plants. Proper watering is also required & the best time to water plants is in early morning to avoid evaporation. Since it is nearly impossible to avoid pests, use bio pesticides for removing pests. You can make use of tools & hand to remove weeds instead of using chemicals.
Benefits of Organic Gardening
More Nutrition Value
Comparatively organic vegetables have more nutrition value because vegetable which is grown on manure and natural compost contain soil with more vitamins and minerals. Thus it yields much healthier vegetable and fruits rather than chemically grown once.
Extensive use of inorganic fertilizers over period of time reduces the efficiency of the soil. Study proves that nitrate fertilizers kill the earthworm and damage the soils nutrition value. The increase in nitrate content makes fruits and vegetables harmful for consumption because it damages blood cells. On the other hand use of organic manure and compost increase soil fertility.
Conventional farming includes excessive use of chemical fertilizer and pesticides. It not only cause soil pollution but the pesticides but also leads to contamination of groundwater and surface water. Organic farming helps in maintaining healthy bio diversity and controls global warming.
The increase in demand for organic foods encourages organic gardening and now almost every food category has organic alternative. Organic gardening consumes 50% less energy compared to typical conventional gardening.
Producing your own food gives you satisfaction that your food is free from harmful toxic chemicals. Organic produced food has higher minerals and vitamins compared to conventional types.